Euclid and his modern rivals London Macmillan & Co. 1879
8vo. xxxi, , 299,  pp. Frontispiece drawing of the "Theorems of Euclid I Arranged in their Logical Sequence." Polished calf by Riviere, gilt-ruled boards, spine elaborately gilt in six compartments with morocco labels, gilt dentelles, fancy marbled endpapers. Presentation inscription on the half-title in Dodgson's purple ink to Rev. H.A. Barclay dated March 27, 1879. $8,500.00
First edition of the author's famous contribution to analytic geometry. Dodgson was almost passionate about his developing analytic geometry among rigorous Euclidean lines. He published many pamphlets with this subject in mind, but according to Norman Gridgeman, the present work was his most enduring.
Euclid and his modern rivals is a five-act comedy about a mathematics lecturer, Minos, in whose dreams Euclid debates his original Elements with the modern mathematicians of the day. "Dodgson showed himself keenly aware of the infirmity of the fifth postulate (on parallels), and he has his oneiric (a dream figure) Euclid admit that some mysterious flaw lies at the root of the subject."
Dodgson (1832-98), well-known author of Alice in Wonderland, was unaware that his Euclid drama was used as ancillary reading in English classes for many years.