Boston: [Harvard Medical School], 1858. Engraved diploma on vellum. Item #12814
Signed by Hayward's committee, which included Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-94) as professor of Anatomy & Physiology; Edward H[ammond] Clarke (1820-77) as Professor of Natural Medicine; John Bacon (fl. 1858) as Professor of Chemistry and John Ware (1796-1864) as Professor of Medical Theory and Practice. Also signed by James Walker (1794-1874), President of Harvard from 1853-60.
John McLean Hayward (1837-86) became a military surgeon three years after receiving this diploma, serving as assistant surgeon in the Massachusetts Twelfth Regiment of Volunteers. He was present at the Battles of Cedar Mountain, Grovetown (near Bull Run) and Fredericksburg. After the War he opened a successful surgical practice in Wayland, Massachusetts. His dissertation was on Phthisis, a malady that afflicted numerous soldiers during the Civil War.