London: Richardson, Phillips, Pennington, 1793. 8vo. in 4's. xvi, 208 pp., including the 4-page subscriber's list;. FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE. Text woodcut and tables. Contemporary calf, rebacked; small tear in title page repaired and title and last printed leaf repaired in the margin, some minor browning to first and last leaves, and occasional spotting. otherwise a solid copy. Some contemporary annotations. Item #13235
First edition, first issue of the author's first published book. This work contains the first tentative germs of the laws of partial pressures and of gaseous expansion under constant pressure. It was Dalton's initial approach to his chemical atomic theory and the basis of his greatest work, A new system of chemical philosophy (1808-27). Dalton independently detected the magnetic relations of the Aurora Borealis, concluding auroral light to be of purely electrical origin.
Dalton (1766-1844) devoted many hours to compiling meteorological records and to the construction of thermometers, barometers, rain gauges, and hygrometers. He was a member of the Royal Society and a corresponding member of the French Academy.