Naples: Felicis Caroli Mosca, 1736. Two volumes. 4to. [ii], xii, 391, ; [iv], 104, , 105-370,  pp. FIRST EDITION. With 1 folding plate in first volume and 9 folding plates in second volume, plus numerous woodcut initials, head- and tailpieces. Beautiful Cambridge-style binding with the inner and outer panels stained and speckled, frames decorated with blind-rolls, floral stamps at angles in the outermost panel, gilt tooled border, decorative rolled board edges, spine in 6 panels with gilt decorations, title and volume, marbled edges and endpapers; interior clean. With the bookplate of Alfred Paul Bay. Item #14958
First edition of this posthumous publication of works on medicine, philosophy, and mathematics. Included is a dialogue on the blood according to Erasistratus, Galen, Thomas Willis, and Van Helmont, an Apologia of Galen, a paraphrasing of Hippocrates, and Porzio’s own De militis in castris sanitate tuenda, De motu corporum, and various fragments and dissertations, all of which are in Latin. The final two sections are in Italian, one being a collection of Porzio’s letters and academic speeches and the other being a treatise on the use of potions for fistulas.
De militis in castris, which opens the second volume, was originally published in 1685 and is considered Porzio’s most important work. It was inspired by the author’s direct experience with soldiers during the Ottoman Empire’s siege of Vienna, during which he gained a first-hand view of the common diseases and ailments contracted during wartime, many of which were caused by unsanitary conditions. The resulting treatise offered advice on cleanliness and diet for soldiers and remained an authoritative source on the subject well into the mid-eighteenth century.
Porzio (1637-1715) was an Italian natural philosopher and medical doctor active in Naples, Rome and Venice. He was a professor at the Royal University of Naples.