Paris: Simon De Colines, 1542. Later edition. Woodcut printer’s device on title, wooduct initials. Modern vellum. Heavily annotated with contemporary notes inside the text and in the margins in the first four leaves. Some toning, though still a fine copy. Item #16104
The Compendium, first published in Paris in 1539, is a significant work in several ways. For one thing, it illustrates the tendency to “abbreviate, simplify and popularize . . . Titlemans introduces the characteristically modern argument of saving time in education.” For students, especially brothers of his Order, whose time was so taken up by their religious duties that only a minimum was available for the study of philosophy, Titelmans first created a course on logic and natural philosophy “reduced to orderly and compendious brevity.” The result “was that many importuned him to publish his lectures. Thus Titelmans created a brief and succinct compendium on Aristotelian dialect, reducing Aristotle’s system to a short and precise summary. It is divided into six parts, following Aristotle’s Organon. The author defines and comments the main principles of Logic: concepts, categories, enunciation, type (form) of arguments describing the four types of syllogism, topics and the sophistic refutation. The Compendium was quite popular as a textbook in numerous university courses after its publication.
Titelmans (1502-1537) studied theology, possibly at the Studium Theologicum of the friars Minor while teaching at the arts faculty in the Paedagogium Porci (Luovain, Belgium). He joined the Franciscan Order in 1523, and engaged in a major controversy with Erasmus over the interpretation of the Pauline Epistoles. He also authored a compendium on natural philosophy first printed at Antwerp in 1530. He became a Capuchin in 1535 and moved to Italy, where he worked at the Hospital for the Incurables.