Vienna: Intl. Psycho. Verlag, 1926. 8vo. 123,  pp., plus 8 pages of publisher's advertisements. FIRST EDITION. Original yellow cloth. A fine copy. Item #1642
First edition of Freud's brilliant exposition on the nature of psychoanalysis. Freud had repeatedly stated that medical training was not of value to psychoanalysts, and in this work pleaded for a liberal attitude toward lay analysis. The question concerning whether psychoanalysts should be physicians in addition to having analytic training dominated the American and International Psychoanalytic Association until the two groups split in 1938, when the American group opted for medical qualifications. This book is extremely important for the history of the subject.