London: Printed by Tho. Roycroft, to be sold by Francis Eglesfield, 1675. 4to. [vi], 362,  pp. FIRST EDITION. Title in red and black with large allegorical engraved title vignette, numerous text engravings illustrating the arms of the various houses, engraved chapter dead decorations and initials. Contemporary calf, worn and rubbed, joints and hinges starting; some browning and soiling, but over all a very good copy. Ownership inscription of Thomas Pitt on the paste-down, which could possibly be the East India merchant known as “Diamond Pitt” (1653-1726), the first Earl of Londonderry (1688-1729), the first Baron Camelford (1737-1793), or the second Baron Camelford (1775-1804). Item #17415
First edition of Churchill’s history of the rulers of England. Beginning with pre-Roman rulers such as Brute, Malmude and Belin, he discusses the Roman rulers sent into Britain, the first class of British royals, including Pendragon and Arthur, the kings of areas such as Kent, South-Sexe, West-Sexe, East-Sexe, Mercia, East-Angles, and Northumberland, and the English kings after the Heptarchy was reduced into an absolute monarchy, starting with Egbert in 800 through the Norman kings, the Scottish kings, and all the way to the present monarch, Charles II.
Churchill (1620-1688), ancestor of the well-known Prime Minister, was a devoted Royalist. He served as as Captain of Horse in the Civil War, and following the Restoration became a Member of Parliament. He was knighted by Charles II in 1664, becoming a Fellow of the Royal Society in the same year. His daughter, Arabella, was mistress to James II; her descendants include the Earl Waldegrave and the Earls Spencer.